Life was not always rosy for the colonists in the years around 1645. Many difficulties complicated daily life. They had to build, clear the land and adapt to the harsh winter climate, not to mention the Iroquois attacks.

The friends of my enemies are my enemies!

When the French settled in the St. Lawrence Valley, the Iroquois did not immediately go to war against them. Instead, they went to war against other Native nations like the Algonquins, the Montagnais and the Hurons. Why? That’s a good question! Let’s just say the Iroquois wanted to protect their hunting territory and be the most important nation in the fur trade. So the French, who were friends with the Algonquins, the Montagnais and the Hurons, also became the enemies of the Iroquois.

Video narration in French at

Fear in the colony

The forts of Montréal and Trois-Rivières were repeatedly attacked by the Iroquois, which caused the deaths of many colonists. The habitants were afraid to farm the land. To protect themselves, they farmed in groups, some standing guard armed with weapons while the others worked. Fortunately, there were also periods of truce that allowed the colony to grow.

But how did these wars end? Find out by reading about the Great Peace of Montréal.

Author: Service national du Récit de l’univers social

See also – Traces of the past:  

And the related page:  The Great Peace of 1701!