In 1980, Quebec’s population was 6 568 000. Population growth had slowed considerably compared to previous years. The birth rate was half of what it had been in 1960, and Quebec’s population was growing more slowly than that of the rest of Canada. With the fall in the birth rate, immigration was the main source of population growth, and the population was becoming increasingly diverse.


After the end of World War II in 1945, the proportion of people of British origin halved in favor of people from other backgrounds. From that date, different waves of immigration gradually transformed the demographics of Quebec. In 1980, the population was composed of 80% of people of French origin, 8% of people of British origin and 12% of people of other origins. Of these, Italians were by far the largest ethnic group. Most of them arrived in the 1950s and 1960s. During the 1980s, immigrants came from a variety of countries, including Lebanon, Haiti, France, the United Kingdom, the United States and Viet Nam. Upon arrival, the majority of immigrants settled in large cities, especially in Montreal.

An urban population

More and more Quebeckers chose to live in the city, and almost 80% of the population did so. The suburbs were also growing. More and more people were moving to small towns near major centers like Montreal and Quebec City. They could go to work in the city but live in a less urban environment. By the early 1960s, this new lifestyle was accompanied by a dramatic increase in the number of cars per capita and a boom in the construction of roads and highways.

The baby boom generation

In 1980, baby boomers had become adults, and they held most of Quebec’s jobs. This generation, born after World War II, was so much larger than previous generations that society adapted to the baby boomers’ needs. For example, between 1961 and 1968, the education system underwent a reform to make education available for the many baby boomers that were ready to start school.

Author:  Alexandre Lanoix

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